At the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis, curators Eric Crosby and Bartholomew Ryan have organized "Painter Painter," an exhibition comprising work by fifteen artists, some of whom are working with painting materials in ways that are often labeled "painting" but may be more firmly rooted in Minimalism and Process Art than with the formidable history of painting and abstraction. Considering the work presented in this show as well as the work selected for the deCordova Museum's "Paint Things," perhaps we aren't experiencing an expansion of painting as the curators have proposed, but rather a return to handmade sculptural objects...that sometimes have paint on them or are hung on the wall.
Matt Connors, False Prop, 2011. Courtesy of the artist and CANADA, New York. Via Kaleidoscope.
This semester, as I teach a Painting I course at Purchase College that emphasizes observational painting, alla prima, and color mixing rather than more conceptual approaches, I'm reminded how much technique contemporary painters learn, internalize, and ultimately eliminate from their work. "Painting is really, really hard," political journalist Julie Mason declared last week in a radio discussion about George W. Bush's painting lessons, and anyone who has ever tried to paint knows she is right.
Possibly because painters spend so much time learning their craft, they continue to identify the work as painting despite the fact that the objects may be more sculptural than painterly. But the question is whether or not curators should classify these objects as painting. Does imprecise categorization muddy the dialogue or make it more compelling? Is it time to coin a new name for this type of hybrid work?
Molly Zuckerman-Hartung, The Failure of Contingency, 2012.
In the following interview with Julie Caniglia, Crosby and Ryan recount some of the conversations that unfolded in the artists' studios as they were assembling the roster for the show, which includes Matt Connors, Sarah Crowner, Fergus Feehily, Jay Heikes, Rosy Keyser, Charles Mayton, Dianna Molzan, Joseph Montgomery, Katy Moran, Alex Olson, Scott Olson, Zak Prekop, Dominik Sittig, Lesley Vance, and Molly Zuckerman-Hartung.
Julie Caniglia: What makes this an opportune time for a show on contemporary painting, and how did the two of you make this not just another show about this topic?
Eric Crosby: There has been so much attention paid to abstract painting recently, but few museums have attempted to take that on. It’s easy to select a group of new paintings and say that this is the next chapter in the history of the medium, like we’re expected to write a new afterword to the history we’ve all inherited. But that way of thinking feels contrived right now and disconnected from the way artists are working.
So we set out to make a show based on our shared interest in painting and some questions about abstraction in particular. And we knew we would focus on the present, of course, not only in terms of new artistic practices but also how we imagined our work as curators. The idea was to follow our instincts and see where the process would take us.
That’s why regular studio visits became such a key part of our process. The more modest scale of the show helped with that. Painting at the Edge of the World, the Walker’s last group painting show in 2001, featured some 30 artists and had a more global reach and historical scope. Our parameters allowed us to create a different kind of exhibition, one that could emerge organically from conversations and relationships that developed in artists’ studios—which became more important than the typical relationship between a curator and artworks on a checklist. The artists’ enthusiasm about the medium really guided key decisions about the show.
Installation view, Walker Art Center.
Bartholomew Ryan: From the beginning we wanted to go into the conversation without making too many presuppositions. Painting has always been a somewhat fraught medium, and particularly so over the last 30 to 40 years. Both Eric and I avoided bringing the more trenchant dogmas associated with it into our conversations with the artists. We wanted to be more attentive to the work on its own terms and try to figure things out from there. So our earliest questions were really simple, for instance: why choose the materials of painting today, at a time when artists can work in so many other ways?
We were also interested in a question related to some of the work being made now, which one often hears from older generations of curators, historians, and even artists, which is “Where is the criticality?” There is a certain expectation today that if a painter is to continue as a painter, there has to be some basic level of self-reflexivity, some wry acknowledgment of the problematic status of continuing to paint in a postmodern era, when painting itself has been toppled from its lofty perch. I think that’s been a good thing up to a point, but it has become deadening and knee-jerk. Many of the artists in our show have consciously sidestepped that way of framing their work, and they find more interesting things to think about.
RB: While we are talking about very different individuals with very different ways of working, for them the idea of abstraction isn’t writ as large as it once was. While abstraction with a capital A carries with it a series of strong historical references, the conversation today is not simply art-historical. Abstract painting can and does allude to a lot of other visual cultures, styles, and contexts, and the artists, of course, are aware of this. I think they prefer that their work hovers in some area where it can’t quite be located, but still invites viewers to make their own associations. The work is less about abstraction than being open to the world and not wanting to lock things into a defined moment of meaning.
Installation view, Walker Art Center.
EC: One way the thinking about abstraction has evolved is that it isn’t necessarily a condition of the image, but rather the result of context. In organizing this show, we’ve come to know these artists as creating possibilities for painting both in and out of studio. Inside, they’re pursuing all these new methods of formal invention and new techniques. Often they’re working with what’s at hand or what the medium gives them. In this sense, while their images or creations may take on the appearance of abstraction, what happens in the studio is very real, particularly in a material sense. So the way I see it, abstraction sets in when the work leaves the studio. Circulating out there in the world, creating networks with other images—that’s when this very real thing hanging on the wall in front of you develops a second life.
Installation view, Walker Art Center.
Rosy Keyser, Big Sugar Sea Wall, 2012
JC: You’ve both said that this is an exciting time for painting, and described a spirit of reinvention in the field right now. Can you talk about where that’s coming from?
BR: One thing that’s opened up a lot of possibilities is changes in how we look at art history today. More specifically, it’s the way these painters tend to resist the hierarchies of the past in their interpretation of the medium. For instance, Molly Zuckerman-Hartung and Dana DiGiulio made a list a few years ago called “Painters you should know,” with well over 100 names that span centuries. At other times, these painters would have been pitted against each other, with people siding with some over others. But to Molly they’re all part of the conversation. That’s partly due to the Internet, which has created the opportunity to be inclusive and, of course, exclusive, and to let us explore a topic on our own terms. So in looking at how these artists relate to painting and its history, it’s not a matter of making either/or choices—it’s a both/and situation. And maybe it’s because of that lack of limits that there is, on the other hand, this desire to work with a medium that does have limits, as painting does—but to see the potential or the possibilities within those limits. This finding freedom in restrictions is almost necessary in a world with so much access to everything. And as a strategy, it is something every artist today needs to contend with.
EC: There’s also something about the resolute materiality of painting that continues to attract artists. These are objects that follow deeply subjective and individual ways of thinking, as expressed through specific materials. In this show you will see works that are stained, collaged, sprayed, cut up, stitched, assembled, glued, smeared, rubbed, and so on— some works are years in the making. Painting offers a frame for contact with this very physical presence. It’s a vivid contrast with our daily routine, where we experience so many images by using a cursor, linking to them, altering them, navigating away from them. Painting resists this kind of experience. A lot of artists today embrace that notion to an extreme. They go where the materials take them, not where the history of painting tells them to go. I think that’s why the more we talked with artists in the show, the more sense it made for them to create new work specifically for this occasion. We saw that as giving the show a sense of timeliness and presence, even if it does mean relinquishing some of our control in the process.
BR: It’s not about our playing a perfect hand as curators, working from a predefined checklist, but about creating an exhibition as a continuation of the conversation with the artists—and hopefully imparting some of that quality to the people who come to see the show.
EC: Besides, it’s more fun to leave it open-ended.
Sarah Crowner, Ciseaux Rideaux, 2012, oil and gouache on sewn canvas, fabric and linen. Courtesy of the artist and Nicelle Beauchene Gallery.
Joseph Montgomery, Image One Hundred Forty Two, 2007–2012. Courtesy of the artist and Laurel Gitlen, New York. Image courtsy of Kaleidoscope.
Fergus Feehily, River River, 2012, oil on card, found frame. Courtesy Galerie Christian Lethert, Cologne, MISAKO & ROSEN, Tokyo, mother's tankstation, Dublin.
"Painter Painter," co-curated by Eric Crosby and Bartholomew Ryan. Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN. Through October 27, 2013.
Image at top of post: Donna Molzan, untitled, 2013.
Unless otherwise specified, photos by Gene Pittman, courtesy of the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis
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